is recommended that all infants should
be fed exclusively on breastmilk until
they are six months of age and continued
to be breastfed till 2 years or beyond.
Breastfeeding is advantageous for
all - you, your baby and the society.
your baby is born he is protected
within your womb from all infections
and after birth breastfeeding takes
over the protection process.The milk
which you secrete for the first few
days known as colostrum should
be given to your baby as it provides
resistance to your baby against various
diseases and infections.
milk is made specially for your own
baby. It is the right nutrition for
the growth of your baby. It is easy
to digest and it contains protective
substances which help prevent infection
especially loose stools. You can give
it even when you are ill, pregnant
your baby enjoys:
provides numerous benefits to
your baby which are as follows
contains adequate calories and
provides the right kind of proteins,
fats, lactose, vitamins, iron,
minerals, water and enzymes in
the amounts necessary for your
Breastmilk contains iron, water
soluble Vitamin D, Vitamin A,
C and E more than cow's milk.
Breastmilk is clean, free from
bacteria and has anti-infective
It also contains substances which
prevent harmful bacteria from
growing in intestines and causing
It is ready to serve when the
baby wants it, needs no preparation
and it has the right temperature.
¥ It is economical and free from
Breastfeeding enhances the emotional
bond between the child and the
mother and provides warmth, love
and affection and is more than
Breastfeeding protects the child
against several infections including
Breastfed babies are less prone
to have diabetes, heart diseases,
eczema, asthma and other allergic
disorders later in life.
Breastfed babies have been shown
to have a higher IQ (Intelligence
Quotient) and develop better mathematical
abilities than infants who are
Breastfeeding enhances brain
development. There is better
visual development and visual
acuity leading to learning readiness.
you enjoy as a mother:
has many advantages to the mother,
which include the following (Fig.
It reduces post-delivery bleeding
and chances of anemia.
is less common among breastfeeding
mothers as it helps the mother
regain her normal figure.
has a contraceptive effect .
It has a protective effect against
breast and ovarian cancers.
If you exclusively breastfeed
your baby, you will have better
adjustment with your baby.
the society enjoys:
lowers health-care costs by reducing
illness and deaths of children under
five years of age and thus reduces
the strain on the family budget.
helps in reducing absenteism of mothers
from work as exclusively breastfed
children are less prone to diseases.Thus,
it will prove less costly to the employer.
is all that the baby needs for the
first six months." Breastmilk is an
ideal food for your baby because it
contains all the nutrients that a
baby needs for first 6 months of life.
It is quickly and easily digested
and it contains fat, lactose, protein,
vitamins, minerals (including iron),
immunoglobulins, and water which are
necessary for growth of your baby.
first few days of breastmilk
the first few days after delivery
you produce a special milk known as
colostrum which is thick, sticky
and yellowish in colour.
is easily digestible, contains anti-infective
elements to protect your newborn against
stimulates your baby's immature intestines
to develop, in order to digest and
absorb milk and to prevent the absorption
of undigested proteins.
also has a mild "gut clearing
effect", which helps your baby's
gut to pass the first, very dark stool
called meconium. It also helps to
prevent jaundice by clearing the bilirubin
from the gut.
colostrum is secreted in small quantities
(30-90ml), it is sufficient to meet
the energy needs of a normal newborn
during the first few days of life.
the two weeks that follow the colostrum
stage, the milk increases in quantity
and changes in appearance and composition
as per your baby's needs, the protein
content decreases while the fat and
sugar content increases. At this time,your
breasts may feel full, hard and heavy.
milk is thinner and watery but contains
all the nutrients essential for optimum
physical and mental development of
the baby. The mature milk consists
of hindmilk and foremilk.
milk which comes at the start of the
feed is called fore milk. Foremilk,
which is watery and bluish in color,
has a low level of fat and is high
in lactose, sugar, protein, vitamins,
minerals and water. It satisfies your
baby's thirst and is produced in large
amount than hind milk.You may sometimes
worry that your milk is too thin.
Milk is never "too thin".
It is important for you to give both
foremilk and hindmilk to provide complete
meal and water that your baby needs.
is the milk which comes later in a
feed, is richer in fat and this extra
fat makes it look whiter than foremilk.
It satisfies the baby's hunger and
supplies much of the energy required.
Therefore, it is important not to
take your baby off the breast too